Eradicating the variables contributing to the foundation of child exploitation in our country’s future is crucial. They place high importance on an environment that fosters learning, growth, and progress. Even after decades of independence, child labor still stands in the way of thousands of children in India experiencing a secure and healthy upbringing.
We must concentrate on grassroots initiatives to engage communities against child labor and ensure that children are reintegrated into the educational system. Only by putting our knowledge and laws into action will we be able to eliminate child labor.
Here is what lays the foundation of this unfortunate situation.
- One of the main causes of child labor in India is poverty. Due to a lack of resources, parents must rely on their children to assist them both within and outside the home. These youngsters must drop out of school to support their parents and provide social security in their later years. When children are denied access to learning and skill-development opportunities that would allow them to pursue higher education, they get trapped in the intergenerational foundation of child abuse and suitable career in the future.
- In India, unemployment—especially due to natural catastrophes, pandemics, wars, and war—is a significant source of child labor. Natural calamities or the loss of a parent drive children to work and provide for the rest of their families.
- Bonded labor, the worst kind of child labor, results from debt. Children are frequently forced to work at the employer’s house for years or until the debt is paid off. Typically, debt and exploitation are handed down through the generations.
The Scope of the Issue and the Need for NGO
Children raised in environments that support their physical, mental, and emotional growth mature into responsible adults who contribute to the advancement of society and the economy. They have delayed cognitive and behavioral development, early aging, physical impairments, drug addiction, and other issues that all help lay the groundwork for child abuse. Malnourished children are more likely to be driven into dangerous jobs with few prospects for personal growth.
Additionally, children who work as enslaved people are transported outside of their native nations or from poor households. They have no legal protection, and their employers can do whatever they want. Young people are forced to work long hours for meager wages or no pay. Such children are regularly mistreated by their employers. All of these variables may harm a child’s mental and physical health.
In India, child labor is frequently used in the textile industry, construction, mining, agriculture, fisheries, hospitality (tea shops), domestic work, and other fields. The worst types of child labor include bonded labor, prostitution, drug trafficking, and other types of child labor.
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