There is no need to acknowledge child labor. If child labor is on the rise, the nation has fallen short in meeting the needs of its people, especially the young. Childhood has no positive benefits in these situations. A child is not only deprived of a healthy upbringing but is also subjected to physical or psychological abuse as a result.
If you are interested in learning more about it, so that you can spread more awareness, here are six factors that lay the foundation of child exploitation in India.
Effects Of Child Labour
Early emotional and intellectual development in children is not a positive indicator. Because the child is unable to complete basic education and as a result earns very little money for his or her family, it not only perpetuates but also widens poverty. The kid gets paid less as well. Other foundation of child exploitation include:
- Adolescence: Youngster labor robs a child of its formative years. His or her right to leisure as well as the right to an education are both violated.
- Adulthood: Child labor inhibits kids from getting the education and training they need to have chances to find meaningful work as adults.
- Major health and physical risks: They work long hours and are required to perform duties for which they are both physically and psychologically inadequate, posing serious health and physical risks. Working in dangerous conditions harms a child’s physical and mental health as well as their development intellectually, emotionally, and psychologically.
- Poverty: Child labour is a source of poverty as well as one of its effects. Living in a poor household forces kids to work to make ends meet, which prevents them from pursuing an education and perpetuates household poverty across generations.
- Country: A significant barrier to the socio-economic prosperity of the nation is the presence of a large number of underage laborers, which has a long-term impact on the economy.
This is what lays the foundation of child exploitation in India.
- Debt and Poverty: The main driver of child labour is poverty. In low-income households, income from a child’s job is typically crucial for that child’s survival as well as the survival of the home. Because of familial debt, kids are also forced into labor. Kids are frequently at risk of being trafficked for labor because of rural poverty and urban migration.
- Under-employment: Children frequently have to labour to support their families due to the high prevalence of adult unemployment and underemployment.
- Parents’ illiteracy and ignorance: The situation is made worse by the child’s parents’ illiteracy. They break the law and expose their kids to the risk of inhuman exploitation because of their illiteracy and ignorance of the negative effects of child labor.
- Education and skill development: Children from economically disadvantaged homes are not well served by the current educational system. Additionally, the decline in educational quality has increased dropout rates and forced youngsters to work. The 15 to 18-year-old age range is not covered by mandatory education (RTE) (adolescents). These kids are particularly vulnerable to exploitation by the informal, unskilled, and casual sectors since they are illiterate or dropouts of school.
- Rising Demand for Child Labor: One of the main factors contributing to the incidence and growth of child labor is the rising demand for child labor, particularly in metropolitan areas. Children are hired because they are inexpensive, adaptable to the needs of the employer, and unaware of their rights.
- Cultural factors: The incidence of child work is influenced by cultural variables, such as the assumption that children should contribute to the socio-economic survival of the family and community and the presence of large families. Most kids start doing the family’s traditional chores at a young age. For instance, a son of a jeweler may start working with gold, or a son of a carpenter may start working with wood at a young age.
- Cultural values: Child labor and India’s varied social structure are closely related. In India, the so-called lower castes (SCs), the tribal population, and the Muslim religious minority make up the bulk of child laborers.
Help the Fight Against It
At Sayogcare4you, we work with numerous organizations and people to combat the foundation of child exploitation. Join us in this effort and provide your support by using Sayogcare4you.